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Industrial-scale investigations of anthracite combustion characteristics and NOx emissions in a retrofitted 300 MWe down-fired utility boiler with swirl burners

Zhichao Chen, Qingxiang Wang, Xiaoyan Zhang, Lingyan Zeng, Xin Zhang, Tao He, Tao Liu and Zhengqi Li

Applied Energy, 2017, vol. 202, issue C, 169-177

Abstract: To burn anthracite and reduce NOx emissions, a new combustion system was applied to a 300 MWe Babcock & Wilcox (B&W) down-fired boiler that included overfire air (OFA) and a decreased flow area of the inner and outer secondary air ducts of the installed swirl burners. Industrial-scale measurements (adjusting OFA ratios from 15.4% to 22.6%) were conducted to evaluate the overall performance of the retrofitted boiler. The experimental results demonstrated that the new combustion system promoted coal/air flow ignition and combustion stability. When the OFA ratio was less than 19.7%, the influence of the burner secondary air ratio on coal/air flow ignition was greater than that of the recirculation region below the arches. The overall combustion level in the primary combustion zone depended on the oxygen content and the recirculation region in the lower furnace instead of the early or late ignition of the coal/air flow. Oxygen and carbon monoxide concentration measurements in the near-sidewall region revealed that the fullness degree of the coal flame varied under different OFA ratios. Considering both environmental and economic effects, 19.7% was chosen as the optimal OFA ratio, thereby achieving a significant NOx reduction of 47% without increasing carbon content in the fly ash.

Keywords: Down-fired boiler; Swirl burner; Overfire air ratio; Pulverized coal combustion; NOx emissions (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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