Global available wind energy with physical and energy return on investment constraints
Rembrandt Koppelaar and
Applied Energy, 2018, vol. 209, issue C, 322-338
Looking ahead to 2050 many countries intend to utilise wind as a prominent energy source. Predicting a realistic maximum yield of onshore and offshore wind will play a key role in establishing what technology mix can be achieved, specifying investment needs and designing policy. Historically, studies of wind resources have however differed in their incorporation of physical limits, land availability and economic constraints, resulting in a wide range of harvesting potentials. To obtain a more reliable estimate, physical and economic limits must be taken into account.
Keywords: Wind energy; Electricity; Offshore wind; Energy Return on Investment (EROI); Global wind potential; Net energy (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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