The Water-Energy-Food Nexus in East Asia: A tele-connected value chain analysis using inter-regional input-output analysis
David J. White,
Laixiang Sun and
Applied Energy, 2018, vol. 210, issue C, 550-567
Population and economic growth pose unique challenges in securing sufficient water, energy, and food to meet demand at the sub-national (regional), national, and supra-national level. An increasing share of this demand is met through trade and imports. The unprecedented rapid growth, extent, and complexity of global value chains (GVCs) since the 1980s have reshaped global trade. The GVCs – and new economic patterns of regionalization – affect the demands on water, energy, and food within countries and across global supply chains. East Asia is of particular interest due to the region’s rapid economic growth, substantial population size, high interdependence of the region’s economies, and varying degree of resource availability. While greater interdependence across the region has increased the efficiency of production and trade, these activities require the input of water-energy-food and generate disturbances in the environment. The transnational inter-regional input-output approach is utilized in a tele-connected Water-Energy-Food Nexus (WEFN) analysis of the East Asia GVC to assess competing demands for these resources and environmental outcomes.
Keywords: Multi-regional input-output analysis; Water scarcity; Virtual water; Footprint analysis; Environmental indicators; CO2 equivalent; Greenhouse gases (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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