Evaluation of the effects of frequency restoration reserves market participation with photovoltaic battery energy storage systems and power-to-heat coupling
Sebastian Zurmühlen and
Dirk Uwe Sauer
Applied Energy, 2020, vol. 260, issue C, No S0306261919318732
In central Europe, the number of photovoltaic battery storage systems is steadily growing. Combined with a heat pump for power-to-heat coupling, these storage systems can contribute to sector coupling and increase the use of renewable energies in private households. The growing share of renewable energies leads to further fluctuations in the grid and a growing demand for reserve power. Integrated homes that combine a photovoltaic battery storage system with power-to-heat coupling can contribute to providing control reserve. The frequency restoration reserve in central Europe is divided into a negative and a positive reserve market, enabling market opportunities for integrated homes. Integrated homes participating in the negative frequency restoration reserve market could benefit from energy at low costs. Therefore, integrated homes profit from the additional flexibility provided by the heating sector. Low-cost energy from dual-use operation could lead to enhanced economics of integrated homes, especially during the winter.
Keywords: Photovoltaics (PV); Battery energy storage systems (BESS); Power-to-heat coupling (P2H); Control reserve market; Heat pump (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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