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Impact of generator start-up lead times on short-term scheduling with high shares of renewables

Mathias Hermans, Kenneth Bruninx and Erik Delarue

Applied Energy, 2020, vol. 268, issue C, No S0306261920304475

Abstract: To cope with the variability and uncertainty introduced by, i.a., intermittent renewable energy sources, the flexible planning and operation of generation units is crucial. Their reaction time is constrained by the lead times on the start-up decisions, whereas the demand for flexibility and operating reserves depends on the market clearing frequency. The start-up lead times are limited by the operator’s tolerance for increased maintenance on the asset, which should be reflected in short-term scheduling models. To study this interaction between the market clearing frequency and the start-up capabilities of combined-cycle gas turbines, we develop a unit commitment model. The model considers multiple start-up trajectories and the scheduling decisions in joint energy-operating reserve and balancing markets. The uncertainty on wind power forecasts is presented via wind power forecast updates generated by a dedicated data-driven tool. Leveraging this model, we investigate the interaction between (i) the frequency of wind power forecast updates, linked to the market clearing frequency, (ii) cost-optimal operating reserve volumes and (iii) combined-cycle gas turbine start-up decisions. Results show that, in general, higher market clearing frequencies lead to lower operating costs, driven by decreasing volumes of operating reserves and facilitated by the fast start-up capabilities of combined-cycle gas turbines.

Keywords: Power plant flexibility; Balancing; Operating reserves; Uncertainty; Combined-cycle gas turbine; Start-up trajectories; Unit commitment (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2020.114935

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