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CO2 emissions inequality through the lens of developing countries

Rui Huang and Lixin Tian

Applied Energy, 2021, vol. 281, issue C, No S0306261920314793

Abstract: There is increasing interest in CO2 emissions inequality between and within countries, and concerns about the impacts of COVID-19 on vulnerable groups. In this study, the CO2 emissions inequality based on the different consumption category data of disaggregated income groups in eight developing countries is analyzed with the application of input-output model. We further examine the effects of the COVID-19 outbreak on CO2 emissions inequality based on the hypothetical extraction method, and the results reveal that the outbreak has decreased the CO2 emissions inequality and emissions over time. However, the shared socioeconomic pathway scenario simulation results indicate that long-term CO2 emissions inequality will persist. Targeted poverty elimination measures improve the utility of the low- and lowest-income groups and reduce CO2 emissions inequality. Reducing the excessive consumption on the demand side as well as improving the energy efficiency and increasing the share of renewable energy in the energy consumption on the supply side will provide more informed options to achieve multiple desirable outcomes, such as poverty elimination and climate change mitigation.

Keywords: CO2 emissions inequality; COVID-19; Hypothetical extraction method; Gini coefficient; Targeted poverty elimination (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
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DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2020.116043

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