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Influence of heat loss on the performance of an air-standard Atkinson cycle

Jiann-Chang Lin and Shuhn-Shyurng Hou

Applied Energy, 2007, vol. 84, issue 9, 904-920

Abstract: This study is aimed at investigating the effects of heat loss, as characterized by a percentage of fuel's energy, friction and variable specific heats of the working fluid, on the performance of an air-standard Atkinson cycle under the restriction of the maximum cycle-temperature. A more realistic and precise relationship between the fuel's chemical-energy and the heat leakage is derived through the resulting temperature. The variations in power output and thermal efficiency with compression ratio, and the relations between the power output and the thermal efficiency of the cycle are presented. The results show that the power output as well as the efficiency, for which the maximum power-output occurs, will rise with the increase of maximum cycle-temperature. The temperature-dependent specific heats of the working fluid have a significant influence on the performance. The power output and the working range of the cycle increase while the efficiency decreases with the rise of specific heats of working fluid. The friction loss has a negative effect on the performance. Therefore, the power output and efficiency of the Atkinson cycle decrease with increasing friction loss. It is noteworthy that the results obtained in the present study are of significance for providing guidance with respect to the performance evaluation and improvement of practical Atkinson-cycle engines.

Keywords: Atkinson; cycle; Heat; leakage; Friction; Irreversible; Variable; specific-heat (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2007
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Handle: RePEc:eee:appene:v:84:y:2007:i:9:p:904-920