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On the dynamics of energy consumption and output in the US

James Payne ()

Applied Energy, 2009, vol. 86, issue 4, 575-577

Abstract: This note employs US annual data from 1949 to 2006 to compare the causal relationship between renewable and non-renewable energy consumption and real GDP, respectively. Given the sample size of the study, the Toda-Yamamoto causality tests reveal the absence of Granger-causality between renewable or non-renewable energy consumption and real GDP which supports the neutrality hypothesis.

Keywords: Renewable; Non-renewable; Energy; Real; GDP; Granger-causality (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2009
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Handle: RePEc:eee:appene:v:86:y:2009:i:4:p:575-577