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Thermodynamic characteristics of a low concentration methane catalytic combustion gas turbine

Juan Yin, Shi Su, Xin Xiang Yu and Yiwu Weng

Applied Energy, 2010, vol. 87, issue 6, 2102-2108

Abstract: Low concentration methane, emitted from coal mines, landfill, animal waste, etc. into the atmosphere, is not only a greenhouse gas, but also a waste energy source if not utilised. Methane is 23 times more potent than CO2 in terms of trapping heat in the atmosphere over a timeframe of 100Â years. This paper studies a novel lean burn catalytic combustion gas turbine, which can be powered with about 1% methane (volume) in air. When this technology is successfully developed, it can be used not only to mitigate the methane for greenhouse gas reduction, but also to utilise such methane as a clean energy source. This paper presents our study results on the thermodynamic characteristics of this new lean burn catalytic combustion gas turbine system by conducting thermal performance analysis of the turbine cycle. The thermodynamic data including thermal efficiencies and exergy loss of main components of the turbine system are presented under different pressure ratios, turbine inlet temperatures and methane concentrations.

Keywords: Fugitive; methane; Gas; turbine; Catalytic; combustion; Thermodynamics; Exergy; Cycle; efficiency (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2010
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Handle: RePEc:eee:appene:v:87:y:2010:i:6:p:2102-2108