Are fluctuations in coal consumption transitory or permanent? Evidence from a panel of US states
Nicholas Apergis (),
David Loomis and
James Payne ()
Applied Energy, 2010, vol. 87, issue 7, 2424-2426
This short communication investigates whether or not US coal consumption follows a stationary process by examining coal consumption for the 50 US states over the period 1982-2007. Employing several panel unit root and stationarity tests with endogenously determined structural breaks, the results indicate that coal consumption is integrated of order zero. Thus, energy conservation policies oriented towards the reduction of coal consumption will only have short-term effects.
Keywords: Coal; consumption; Panel; unit; root; Structural; breaks (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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