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Fuzzy clustering method to compare the spread rate of Covid-19 in the high risks countries

Mohammad Reza Mahmoudi, Dumitru Baleanu, Zulkefli Mansor, Bui Anh Tuan and Kim-Hung Pho

Chaos, Solitons & Fractals, 2020, vol. 140, issue C

Abstract: The numbers of confirmed cases of new coronavirus (Covid-19) are increased daily in different countries. To determine the policies and plans, the study of the relations between the distributions of the spread of this virus in other countries is critical. In this work, the distributions of the spread of Covid-19 in Unites States America, Spain, Italy, Germany, United Kingdom, France, and Iran were compared and clustered using fuzzy clustering technique. At first, the time series of Covid-19 datasets in selected countries were considered. Then, the relation between spread of Covid-19 and population's size was studied using Pearson correlation. The effect of the population's size was eliminated by rescaling the Covid-19 datasets based on the population's size of USA. Finally, the rescaled Covid-19 datasets of the countries were clustered using fuzzy clustering. The results of Pearson correlation indicated that there were positive and significant between total confirmed cases, total dead cases and population's size of the countries. The clustering results indicated that the distribution of spreading in Spain and Italy was approximately similar and differed from other countries.

Keywords: Coronaviruses; Covid-19; Statistics; Fuzzy Clustering; Correlation (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:chsofr:v:140:y:2020:i:c:s0960077920306263

DOI: 10.1016/j.chaos.2020.110230

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