Population density, fertility, and demographic convergence in developing countries
David de la Croix () and
Journal of Development Economics, 2017, vol. 127, issue C, 13-24
Whether the population tends towards a long-run stationary value depends on forces of demographic convergence. One such force is the result of fertility rates being negatively affected by population density. We test the existence of such an effect in 44 developing countries, matching georeferenced data from the Demographic and Health Surveys for half a million women with population density grids. We find a causal relationship from population density to fertility such that a rise in density from 10 to 1000 inhabitants per square kilometer corresponds to a decrease in fertility of about 0.7 children. The corresponding half-life for population dynamics is of the order of four–five generations.
Keywords: Demographic and Health Survey; Fertility; Preventive check; Agglomeration externalities; Population dynamics (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J13 D19 O18 R11 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (2) Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only
Working Paper: Population density, fertility, and demographic convergence in developing countries (2017)
Working Paper: Population Density, Fertility, and Demographic Convergence in Developing Countries (2017)
Working Paper: Population Density, Fertility and Demographic Convergence in Developing Countries (2016)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:deveco:v:127:y:2017:i:c:p:13-24
Access Statistics for this article
Journal of Development Economics is currently edited by M. R. Rosenzweig
More articles in Journal of Development Economics from Elsevier
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Dana Niculescu ().