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Workfare and infant health: Evidence from India's public works program

Amalavoyal Chari, Peter Glick, Edward Okeke and Sinduja V. Srinivasan

Journal of Development Economics, 2019, vol. 138, issue C, 116-134

Abstract: This paper examines the relationship between maternal employment and infant health in the context of a large workfare program that explicitly prioritizes female participation, India's National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme. Using multiple estimation strategies including a triple difference strategy that exploits a discontinuity in program eligibility at age 18, we find that the program had negative impacts on newborn infant survival, increasing newborn mortality among women who were eligible to participate in the program.

Date: 2019
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DOI: 10.1016/j.jdeveco.2018.12.004

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