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Does service trade liberalization relieve manufacturing enterprises’ financial constraints? Evidence from China

Shuijun Peng, Zhongqiao Shu and Wencheng Zhang

Economic Modelling, 2022, vol. 106, issue C

Abstract: A growing body of literature has discussed the effect of service trade liberalization on external financial constraints of enterprises in China. Based on a dataset of Chinese manufacturing firms and service trade restriction indices, we contribute to this discussion by analyzing how service trade liberalization affects financial constraints of Chinese enterprises through altering their ability to access external financing, as well as internal financing and commercial credit financing. We find that service trade liberalization alleviates financial constraints of Chinese enterprises through strengthening their ability to obtain both external and internal financing. There exist heterogeneous outcomes for different types of firms. While service trade liberalization eases exporters’ financial constraints, it deteriorates financial constraints of non-exporters through tightening their commercial credit financing. In addition, non-SOEs or SMEs gain from service trade liberalization through easing internal and external financing constraints while SOEs or large enterprises lose due to tightening commercial credit financing constraints.

Keywords: Service trade liberalization; Financial constraints; Manufacturing firms; SMEs (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F13 G28 O10 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2022
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DOI: 10.1016/j.econmod.2021.105710

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