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What does MENA region initially need: Grow output or mitigate CO2 emissions?

Sahbi Farhani (), Muhammad Shahbaz (), Rashid Sbia () and Anissa Chaibi

Economic Modelling, 2014, vol. 38, issue C, 270-281

Abstract: We contribute to the economic growth–CO2 emissions literature in the MENA region by focusing on both production and environmental functions. Adopting an original analytical framework, our empirical investigation parallels two approaches. The first one follows the studies by Lean and Smyth (2010a) and Sadorsky (2012) which examine the dynamic interaction of energy consumption and trade openness using production function. The second one extends the recent works by Halicioglu (2009), Jalil and Mahmud (2009), and Jayanthakumaran et al. (2012) which attempt to introduce energy consumption and trade openness in the environmental function as a solution to circumvent omitted variable bias. Our findings suggest that MENA countries should adopt policies to control the increase of pollution as well as to stabilize the productivity growth. One of these policies is to increase the share of renewable energy relative to non-renewable energy sources.

Keywords: Energy; Economic growth; CO2 emissions; Panel data analysis (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2014
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DOI: 10.1016/j.econmod.2014.01.001

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