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An alternative measure of structural unemployment

Uluc Aysun (), Florence Bouvet and Richard Hofler

Economic Modelling, 2014, vol. 38, issue C, 592-603

Abstract: In this paper we derive an alternative measure for structural unemployment using a stochastic frontier analysis. This measure, by empirical design, is always less than total unemployment and it is, thus, more consistent with the theoretical description of structural unemployment than its usual interpretation as a smoothed long-run average of total unemployment. We find that our measure does not always track the long-run trends in total unemployment in the U.S. and when compared to the existing measures can provide different insights into the evolution of structural unemployment. Demographic and regional evidences offer some validation for our approach and allow us to determine how demographic and regional factors are related to the variation in structural unemployment across time and regions.

Keywords: Frictional; Cyclical; Structural unemployment; Stochastic frontier (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E24 J21 J64 C13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2014
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