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Growth in China and the US: Effects on a small commodity exporter economy

Denise Osborn () and Tugrul Vehbi ()

Economic Modelling, 2015, vol. 45, issue C, 268-277

Abstract: This paper provides a comparative quantitative analysis of the relative effects of economic growth in the US and China on a small commodity exporting country, namely New Zealand. The framework is an SVAR model with an exogenous global block consisting of GDP growth in the two major international economies and world commodity price inflation; regional influences are controlled through the inclusion of Australian GDP growth, while the domestic block consists of GDP growth, inflation, interest rates and changes in the real exchange rate. Using a sample period from 1986 to 2011, we find that although growth spillovers to New Zealand GDP are substantially greater from the US than from China, nevertheless growth in China induces larger responses in the New Zealand real exchange rate than does the US. Commodity price responses to growth in each of the large economies are also explored, while time-varying estimates provide some evidence of increasing responses of commodity prices and the New Zealand real exchange rate to growth in China.

Keywords: China; New Zealand; Australia; Growth spillovers; Commodity prices; Real exchange rates (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2015
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