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Effects of education externalities on schooling

Koichi Fukumura

Economic Modelling, 2017, vol. 60, issue C, 39-50

Abstract: In some developed countries, such as Japan and Sweden, the number of years of education does not predict wage differences as opposed to in some countries such as the United States and Germany. To explain such seemingly contradictory observations, this study develops a simple model utilizing the ‘keeping up with Joneses’ effect regarding schooling decisions. The main result of this study is that the model can have multiple equilibria, which can explain the difference between the two groups of countries. Moreover, efficiency analysis reveals that changes in the strength of education reference and psychological cost parameters can alter the welfare ranking of multiple equilibria.

Keywords: Education; Externality; Social preference; Multiple equilibria (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I26 I21 I31 E24 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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