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Growth versus equity: A CGE analysis for effects of factor-biased technical progress on economic growth and employment

Sungmoon Jung, Jeong-Dong Lee (), Won-Sik Hwang and Yeongjun Yeo

Economic Modelling, 2017, vol. 60, issue C, 424-438

Abstract: With factor-biased technical progress described as labor-saving and skill-biased technical changes, there are concerns that technological innovation can lead to unemployment and widen inequality in the economy. This study explores impacts of factor-biased technical changes on the economic system in terms of economic growth, employment, and distribution, using a computable general equilibrium (CGE) model. The results show that technological innovation contributes to higher level of economic growth with productivity improvements. However, our analysis suggests that economic growth accompanied by skill- and capital-biased technical progress disproportionately increases demand for capital and high-skilled labor over skilled and unskilled labor. This shift in the value-added composition is found to deepen income inequality, as more people in higher income groups benefit from skill premium and capital earnings. Our results suggest that policymakers should prepare a wide range of policy measures, such as reforms in educational programs and taxation systems, in order to ensure sustainable growth.

Keywords: C68; D58; O30; O40; Innovation; Economic growth; Employment; Computable general equilibrium; South Korea (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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DOI: 10.1016/j.econmod.2016.10.014

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