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Islamic banking and risk: The impact of Basel II

Alexandra Zins and Laurent Weill ()

Economic Modelling, 2017, vol. 64, issue C, 626-637

Abstract: The expansion of Islamic banking raises questions about its impact on financial stability. We question whether the implementation of Basel II standards influences the gap in risk between Islamic and conventional banks. We use a sample of 558 banks from 24 countries that had an Islamic banking presence between 2007 and 2013. We exploit the variation in Basel II implementation across countries to use a differences-in-differences approach. Risk is considered according to insolvency risk and credit risk indicators. We find that Basel II standards enlarge the gap in risk between Islamic and conventional banks at the expense of Islamic banks. These findings are also observed when separately considering small banks and large banks. We thus support the view that the relationship between Islamic banking and risk is conditional to the regulatory framework.

Keywords: G21; Islamic banking; Risk; Financial stability (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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