Is fiscal policy always counter- (pro-) cyclical? The role of public debt and fiscal rules
Jean-Louis Combes (),
Alexandru Minea () and
Economic Modelling, 2017, vol. 65, issue C, 138-146
We investigate the reaction of fiscal policy to the business cycle in a panel of 56 developed, emerging and developing economies over 1990–2011. While we strengthen the established finding that fiscal policy is counter-cyclical, additional outcomes emerge from this study. We reveal a non-linear response of fiscal policy to the business cycle, conditional upon the outstanding debt stock. Interestingly, when the public debt-to-GDP ratio goes beyond our endogenously estimated threshold of 87%, fiscal policy turns pro-cyclical. To tackle this effect, we explore the role of fiscal rules (FR). We unveil heterogeneous impacts among FR, as only some of them may mitigate fiscal policy procyclicality in high-debt contexts.
Keywords: E32; E62; H63; Business cycle; Fiscal policy; Public debt; Fiscal Rules; Non-linear effects (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:ecmode:v:65:y:2017:i:c:p:138-146
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