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The bank lending channel of monetary policy in EU countries during the global financial crisis

Tomas Heryan () and Panayiotis Tzeremes

Economic Modelling, 2017, vol. 67, issue C, 10-22

Abstract: The study examines the existence of the bank lending channel of monetary policy in European Union (EU) countries. The paper advances current research on the monetary transmission mechanism in the following ways: Firstly, we analyze the differences between ‘old’ Economic Monetary Union (EMU) and ‘new’ EU countries. Secondly, we examine the key bank characteristics and monetary policy indicators that may have an impact on the bank lending channel. We assume that short-term market interest rates and monetary aggregate M2 affect banks' activities. We apply the generalized method of moments (GMM) with pooled data from 1999 to 2012. We show that in the pre-crisis period the effect of changing the short-term market interest rates on the bank lending channel of monetary policy is more pronounced among ‘old’ EMU countries, whereas the effect of M2 is significant during the period of the global financial crisis (GFC) among ‘old’ EMU countries. Last but not least the important finding is that banks in ‘new’ EU countries react differently to monetary shocks.

Keywords: Lending channel; Transmission mechanism; Crisis times; Old EMU and new EU countries (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C58 G01 G21 G28 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:ecmode:v:67:y:2017:i:c:p:10-22

DOI: 10.1016/j.econmod.2016.07.017

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