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Cyclical behavior of the financial stability of eurozone commercial banks

Faten Ben Bouheni and Amir Hasnaoui

Economic Modelling, 2017, vol. 67, issue C, 392-408

Abstract: In light of the financial crisis and the European sovereign debt crisis, we investigate the cyclical behavior of the financial stability of banks of the Eurozone, using an unbalanced dynamic panel of 722 commercial banks covering the period 1999–2013, and the generalized method of moments system. We find a negative relationship between business cycle and bank risk-taking, indicating that financial stability is procyclical. In addition, the study shows that lending activity increases risk-taking while rising capital requirements boost financial stability. Moreover, our findings suggest positive co-movements between the business cycle and lending, compared to bank's capital, whereby the procyclicality of lending and bank capital have negative effects on the financial stability of commercial banks in the Eurozone. We notice then that the cyclical behavior of commercial banks, in terms of capital requirements and lending activities, depends on their size. Therefore, lending and capital of smaller banks are procyclical while lending and capital of larger banks are countercyclical. Finally, we find the Troika institutions’ bailouts programs significantly impacted banking stability in the Eurozone.

Keywords: Banking; Financial stability; Business cycle; Capital requirements; Lending (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: G21 E44 G32 F43 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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