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Herding, social network and volatility

Guocheng Wang and Yanyi Wang

Economic Modelling, 2018, vol. 68, issue C, 74-81

Abstract: Investors' expectations are highly influenced by their surroundings' opinions, especially from those who are believed as gurus. These opinion leaders (i.e., gurus) may manipulate the information when the information is disseminated to their followers. It is unclear whether herding behaviors will still emerge in this situation and if so, how these behaviors would influence the market volatility. In this paper, we model agents who choose either to follow the gurus with different precisions of information, or to be a chartist based on evolutionary considerations. Numerical simulations show that increasing the quality of gurus' private information would lead to more intensive herding behavior of followers and produce a U-shaped effect on the market volatility. Besides, increasing the proportion of gurus in the market would lead to more intensive herding but would decrease the market volatility. Interestingly, the market environment also affects investors' choices. Investors are more willing to herd on gurus in boom times or in depression. This paper sheds light on how informed gurus affect investors' behavior and market volatility through direct communication.

Keywords: Heterogeneous beliefs; Herding; Social networks; Guru; Adaptive beliefs system; Market volatility. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: G02 G10 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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Handle: RePEc:eee:ecmode:v:68:y:2018:i:c:p:74-81