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Education and democracy: New evidence from 161 countries

Nicholas Apergis ()

Economic Modelling, 2018, vol. 71, issue C, 59-67

Abstract: This study reinvestigates the hypothesis that education has a significant effect on democracy. It adopts a panel causality methodological approach and data from 161 countries, spanning the period 1970–2013. The empirical analysis detects the presence of democracy dividend driven by education. The results survive a number of robustness checks pertaining geographical differentiation, educational stages and the inclusion of a large number of control variables. It is the first paper that makes use of an extended country sample, time period, while it provides a number of robustness checks not previously reported in the literature.

Keywords: Democracy; Education; Panel causality; 161 countries (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I20 C33 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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