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Foreign direct investment and economic growth: Exploring the transmission channels

Kamil Makieła () and Bazoumana Ouattara

Economic Modelling, 2018, vol. 72, issue C, 296-305

Abstract: The impact of foreign direct investment (FDI) on growth remains a thorny question for researchers and policy makers. At the theoretical level it has been argued that FDI is growth enhancing. However, existing empirical studies have left researchers and policy makers perplexed as these studies do not appear to find a strong relationship between the two variables. This paper departs from the existing literature by exploring the transmission channels from FDI to growth. The results, based on a sample of developed and developing countries over the period 1970–2007, conclusively reveal that FDI affects growth via inputs accumulation but not the total factor productivity growth channel. In other words, our results suggest that factors other than FDI may have contributed to the increase in productivity witnessed in developing countries in recent decades.

Keywords: Foreign direct investment; Economic growth; Total factor productivity; Bayesian inference; Dynamic panel data (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C11 C23 O47 O55 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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