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Consumption, welfare, and stochastic population dynamics when technology shocks are (Un)tied

Mizuki Tsuboi

Economic Modelling, 2019, vol. 79, issue C, 74-85

Abstract: The impact of uncertainty on consumption and welfare seems obvious; because of the precautionary saving motive, higher uncertainty reduces consumption, and subsequently, deteriorates welfare. Recent several studies, however, find that this intuitive narrative is not necessarily true. This paper provides the analytical underpinnings for this. In the absence of technological progress, I find that the larger demographic shocks always reduce consumption, but improve the welfare of households. Moreover, when demographic shocks are negatively tied to technology shocks, there emerges an inverted-U relationship between the size of two shocks and consumption, and a U-shaped relationship between the size of two shocks and household welfare. These results are all characterized analytically in the framework of the stochastic two-sector growth model featuring the correlated Brownian motion process. The findings suggest that demographic policies should not be implemented with no reference to the state of technology.

Keywords: Consumption; Welfare; Population; Technology; Human capital; Uncertainty (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C61 J24 O33 O41 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
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