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Democracy, regulation and competition in emerging banking systems

Maria-Eleni Agoraki, Georgios Kouretas () and Christos Triantopoulos

Economic Modelling, 2020, vol. 84, issue C, 190-202

Abstract: This paper develops a political economy framework to analyse the relations among democracy, financial regulation and banking competition in the emerging banking systems of Central and Eastern Europe. We develop extensive new yearly non-structural indices of bank competition instead of concentration indices as in the previous literature that show its evolution over time with the level of democracy. In addition, we directly test for linkages between democracy, financial regulation and banking competition. Using an unbalanced panel data set over the period 1994–2016 for 617 banks, we show that more democratic countries with better regulatory framework lead to the enhancement of competition. We also find significant support for the core hypothesis that financial regulatory framework in a “partially” democratic environment is inadequate. Given that financial regulatory framework in a “partially” democratic environment can be inadequate we find a U-shaped relation in the sense that there is a threshold level of democracy beyond which banking systems in those countries are more competitive.

Keywords: Democracy; Regulation; Competition (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: G21 G28 K23 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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DOI: 10.1016/j.econmod.2019.04.009

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