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Training, human capital, and gender gaps in entrepreneurial performance

Zuzana Brixiová (), Thierry Kangoye and Mona Said

Economic Modelling, 2020, vol. 85, issue C, 367-380

Abstract: In the aftermath of the global financial crisis, policymakers have been increasingly striving to support female entrepreneurship as a possible growth driver. This paper contributes to reconciling mixed findings in the literature on the effectiveness of entrepreneurial training with an analysis that links training and human capital, including tertiary education and non-cognitive skills, with gender gaps in entrepreneurial performance in Africa. We have found that while financial literacy training directly benefits men, it does not raise the sales levels of women entrepreneurs. Instead, tertiary education has a direct positive link with the performance of women. Consistent with our theoretical model where different skills are complements, tertiary education can act as a channel that makes training effective. Regarding non-cognitive skills, evidence shows that women entrepreneurs who are tenacious achieve stronger sales performance. Our results underscore the importance of including tertiary education and entrepreneurial training programs focused on a balanced set of skills, including non-cognitive skills, among policies for women entrepreneurs.

Keywords: Female entrepreneurship; Training; Non-cognitive skills; Tertiary education (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: L53 O12 J4 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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Related works:
Working Paper: Training, Human Capital, and Gender Gaps in Entrepreneurial Performance (2019) Downloads
Working Paper: Training, Human Capital, and Gender Gaps in Entrepreneurial Performance (2019) Downloads
Working Paper: Training, Human Capital, and Gender Gaps in Entrepreneurial Performance (2019) Downloads
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:ecmode:v:85:y:2020:i:c:p:367-380

DOI: 10.1016/j.econmod.2019.11.006

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