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Banking integration in ASEAN-6: An empirical investigation

Dao Ha, Philippe Gillet, Phuong Le and Dinh-Tri Vo

Economic Modelling, 2020, vol. 91, issue C, 705-719

Abstract: Banking integration is widely considered as the last stepping stone of economic integration, especially at the regional level. This paper aims to introduce extended measures of banking openness and the overall balanced degree of integration through capital flows. Using the quarterly data from the ASEAN-6 economies (Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam) from 1996Q4 to 2016Q4, the obtained empirical results reveal that: (i) the degree of banking openness, which measures the total inflows and outflows divided by the total banking assets of the given country, remains low and even slightly decreases, despite the increasing cross-border banking and greater economic links among ASEAN-6; (ii) the overall degree of balance, which calculates the balance and the diversification of outward and inward integration, fluctuates over time but reaches the well-balanced level. Furthermore, the research highlights main drivers of the banking integration in this region, such as regulatory quality, bank size and the global credit risk. These findings have important policy implications for banking stability and integration in ASEAN-6.

Keywords: Banking integration; Cross-border banking; ASEAN-6; Banking openness; Overall balanced degree (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F36 G21 N20 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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DOI: 10.1016/j.econmod.2019.09.017

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