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Market structure and credit procyclicality: Lessons from loan markets in the European Union banking sectors

Georgios Kouretas (), Małgorzata Pawłowska () and Grzegorz Szafrański

Economic Modelling, 2020, vol. 93, issue C, 27-50

Abstract: The aim of this paper is to investigate whether the market structure has an impact on procyclicality in the European Union bank loan markets. The cyclical responses of three types of bank loans (residential mortgage loans, consumer loans, and corporate loans) are quantified separately using the interacted panel vector autoregression model at the country level and the single-equation panel regression model at the bank level. Using a sample of 26 European Union countries, we find that the procyclical responses of residential mortgage loans and consumer loans are significantly stronger and prolonged when the banking sector is more concentrated or dominated by foreign banks. However, we find that there are nonlinear relationships between the market structure and credit procyclicality based on bank-level data. We also find some heterogeneities between advanced and transitioning European Union banking sectors. Finally, our findings confirm the leading role of residential mortgages in intensifying credit fluctuations.

Keywords: Credit procyclicality; European Union banking sectors; Concentration; Competition; Foreign ownership; Macroprudential policy (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E32 F36 G20 G34 L1 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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DOI: 10.1016/j.econmod.2020.07.013

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