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State-owned enterprises and economic growth: Evidence from the post-Lehman period

Katarzyna Szarzec, Ákos Dombi and Piotr Matuszak

Economic Modelling, 2021, vol. 99, issue C

Abstract: This paper investigates the effect of state-owned enterprises (SOEs) on economic growth in 30 European countries in the period between 2010 and 2016. We build a unique dataset on the economic weight of SOEs based on the data of more than 130,000 large nonfinancial companies. In our regression analysis, we condition the growth effect of SOEs on different measures of institutional quality. According to our results, SOEs are not positive or negative for growth per se. Their impact hinges crucially upon the country’s institutions: with good (bad) institutions the effect of SOEs is more beneficial (detrimental), turning into significantly positive (negative) in the right-tail (left-tail) of the sample distribution of institutional quality. This result holds through a wide array of robustness checks. The policy conclusion is that with good institutions the positive external effects of SOEs may outweigh the loss in economic growth caused by SOEs’ possible inefficiencies.

Keywords: State-owned enterprises; Institutions; Economic growth (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: L32 L38 O11 O43 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (11)

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DOI: 10.1016/j.econmod.2021.03.009

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