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Effects of welfare reform on vocational education and training

Dhaval Dave (), Nancy E. Reichman, Hope Corman and Dhiman Das ()

Economics of Education Review, 2011, vol. 30, issue 6, 1399-1415

Abstract: Exploiting variation in welfare reform across states and over time and using relevant comparison groups, this study estimates the effects of welfare reform on an important source of human capital acquisition among women at risk for relying on welfare: vocational education and training. The results suggest that welfare reform reduced enrollment in full-time vocational education and had no significant effects on part-time vocational education or participation in other types of work-related courses, though there appears to be considerable heterogeneity across states with respect to the strictness of educational policy and the strength of work incentives under welfare reform. In addition, we find evidence of heterogeneous effects by prior educational attainment. We find no evidence that the previously observed negative effects of welfare reform on formal education (including college enrollment), which we replicated in this study, have been offset by increases in vocational education and training.

Keywords: Welfare reform; Education; Vocational training; College; TANF; AFDC; Public assistance (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I0 I21 I24 I28 I38 J1 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2011
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:ecoedu:v:30:y:2011:i:6:p:1399-1415

DOI: 10.1016/j.econedurev.2011.07.008

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