Gender ratios at top PhD programs in economics
Galina Hale and
Economics of Education Review, 2014, vol. 41, issue C, 55-70
Analyzing university faculty and graduate students data for ten of the top U.S. economics departments between 1987 and 2007, we find persistent differences in the gender compositions of both faculty and graduate students across departments. There is a positive correlation between the share of female faculty and the share of women in the PhD class graduating six years later. Using instrumental variable analysis, we find robust evidence that this relation is causal. These results contribute to our understanding of the persistent under-representation of women in economics, as well as for the persistent segregation of women in the labor force.
Keywords: Gender; Segregation; Economists; Gender bias; Affirmative action; Minority (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J16 J71 I23 M51 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Working Paper: Gender Ratios at Top PhD Programs in Economics (2013)
Working Paper: Gender ratios at top PhD programs in economics (2011)
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