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Educational mobility across three generations of American women

Sarah Kroeger and Owen Thompson

Economics of Education Review, 2016, vol. 53, issue C, 72-86

Abstract: We analyze the intergenerational transmission of education in a three-generation sample of women from the 20th century US. We find strong three-generation educational persistence, with the association between the education of grandmothers and their granddaughters approximately two times stronger than would be expected under the type of first-order autoregressive transmission structure that has been assumed in much of the existing two-generation mobility literature. These findings are robust to using alternative empirical specifications and sample constructions, and are successfully replicated in a second independently drawn data set. Analyses that include males in the youngest and oldest generations produce very similar estimates. A variety of potential mechanisms linking the educational outcomes of grandparents and grandchildren are discussed and where possible tested empirically.

Keywords: Mobility; Education Trends; Gender (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2016
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DOI: 10.1016/j.econedurev.2016.05.003

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