Economics at your fingertips  

The effect of supplemental instruction on academic performance: An encouragement design experiment

Alfredo Paloyo, Sally Rogan and Peter Siminski

Economics of Education Review, 2016, vol. 55, issue C, 57-69

Abstract: Supplemental Instruction (SI) or PASS (Peer Assisted Study Sessions) has been widely offered to students at tertiary institutions in many countries with the aim of improving academic performance. The SI/PASS evaluation literature is extensive, but it has not adequately addressed potential selection bias. We evaluate an SI/PASS program at an Australian university through a randomized-encouragement-design experiment. A randomly selected subgroup of students from first-year courses (N=6954) was offered large incentives (worth AUD 55,000) to attend PASS which increased attendance by an estimated 0.47 hours each. This first-stage (inducement) effect did not vary with the size of the incentive and was larger (0.89) for students from disadvantaged backgrounds. Instrumental-variable estimates suggest that 1 hour of PASS improved grades by 0.065 standard deviations, which is consistent with the non-experimental literature. However, this estimate is not statistically significant, reflecting limited statistical power. The estimated effect is largest for students in their first semester at university.

Keywords: Australia; Randomized-encouragement design; Student outcomes; Peer-assisted study session; Supplemental instruction; Selection bias (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C93 I21 I23 I24 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2016
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (13) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only

Related works:
Working Paper: The Effect of Supplemental Instruction on Academic Performance: An Encouragement Design Experiment (2016) Downloads
Working Paper: The effect of supplemental instruction on academic performance: An encouragement design experiment (2016) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link:

DOI: 10.1016/j.econedurev.2016.08.005

Access Statistics for this article

Economics of Education Review is currently edited by E. Cohn

More articles in Economics of Education Review from Elsevier
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Catherine Liu ().

Page updated 2023-06-08
Handle: RePEc:eee:ecoedu:v:55:y:2016:i:c:p:57-69