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Technology and educational choices: Evidence from a one-laptop-per-child program

Maria Lucia Yanguas

Economics of Education Review, 2020, vol. 76, issue C

Abstract: This paper provides the first causal estimates of the effect of children’s access to computers and the internet on educational outcomes in early adulthood, such as schooling and choice of major. I exploit cross-cohort variation in access to technology among primary and middle school students in Uruguay, the first country to implement a nationwide one-laptop-per-child program. Despite a notable increase in computer access, educational attainment has not increased; the schooling gap between private and public school students has persisted, despite closing the technology gap. Among college students, those who had been exposed to the program as children were less likely to enroll in science and technology.

Keywords: Education policy; Education and inequality; Government expenditures and education (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I21 I24 I28 H52 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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DOI: 10.1016/j.econedurev.2020.101984

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