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What drives herding in oil-rich, developing stock markets? Relative roles of own volatility and global factors

Mehmet Balcilar, Riza Demirer and Shawkat Hammoudeh

The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, 2014, vol. 29, issue C, 418-440

Abstract: The main goal of this paper is to formally establish the volatility-herding link in the developing stock markets of the oil-rich GCC countries by examining how market volatility affects herd behavior after controlling for global factors. Using a regime-switching, smooth transition regression model (STR), we find significant evidence of herding in all Gulf Arab stock markets, with the market volatility being the more paramount factor governing the switches between the extreme states of non-herding and herding. The global variables comprised of the U.S. stock market performance, the price of oil and the US interest rate as well as the risk indexes including the CBOE Volatility Index (VIX) and the St. Louis Fed's Financial Stress Index (FSI) are found to be significant factors governing the transition to herding states. The findings stress the effect of contagion in financial markets, despite the restrictions established by the GCC policymakers in order to protect their markets.

Keywords: Herding; Smooth transition regime switching; Gulf Arab stock markets (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C32 G11 G15 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2014
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DOI: 10.1016/j.najef.2014.06.009

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Handle: RePEc:eee:ecofin:v:29:y:2014:i:c:p:418-440