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Gender differences in willingness to compete and answering multiple-choice questions—The role of age

Gerhard Riener and Valentin Wagner

Economics Letters, 2018, vol. 164, issue C, 86-89

Abstract: Using a large and unique data set of a German wide voluntary mathematical school competition, we examine at which age gender differences in the willingness to compete arise. We use the data of more than 1, 3 million pupils, ages 8 to 18. We find that the share of girls participating in the competition starts to decrease in the early teenage years (12–13). Furthermore, girls answer fewer multiple-choice questions than boys at all age levels. This is interesting as previous findings have identified skipping in multiple-choice tests as one reason for men outperforming women inter alia in university entrance examinations.

Keywords: Gender differences; Entering competition; Skipping test items; Multiple-choice test (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D03 I20 J01 J16 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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DOI: 10.1016/j.econlet.2018.01.012

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