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Intergenerational long-term effects of preschool-structural estimates from a discrete dynamic programming model

James Heckman and Lakshmi K. Raut

Journal of Econometrics, 2016, vol. 191, issue 1, 164-175

Abstract: This paper formulates a structural dynamic programming model of preschool investment choices of altruistic parents and then empirically estimates the structural parameters of the model using the NLSY79 data. The paper finds that preschool investment significantly boosts cognitive and non-cognitive skills, which enhance earnings and school outcomes. It also finds that a standard Mincer earnings function, by omitting measures of non-cognitive skills on the right-hand side, overestimates the rate of return to schooling. From the estimated equilibrium Markov process, the paper studies the nature of within generation earnings distribution, intergenerational earnings mobility, and schooling mobility. The paper finds that a tax-financed free preschool program for the children of poor socioeconomic status generates positive net gains to the society in terms of average earnings, higher intergenerational earnings mobility, and schooling mobility.

Keywords: Preschool investment; Early childhood development; Intergenerational social mobility; Structural dynamic programming (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J24 J62 O15 I21 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2016
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Related works:
Working Paper: Intergenerational Long Term Effects of Preschool: Structural Estimates from a Discrete Dynamic Programming Model (2013) Downloads
Working Paper: Intergenerational Long Term Effects of Preschool - Structural Estimates from a Discrete Dynamic Programming Model (2013) Downloads
Working Paper: Intergenerational Long Term Effects of Preschool - Structural Estimates from a Discrete Dynamic Programming Model (2009) Downloads
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