Does income inequality lead to banking crises in developing countries? Empirical evidence from cross-country panel data
Dong-Eun Rhee and
Economic Systems, 2018, vol. 42, issue 2, 206-218
This study empirically examines whether increasing income inequality results in banking crises using panel data for 68 countries covering the years 1973 to 2010. The results show that developing countries with high inequality tend to have higher levels of domestic credit and that domestic credit booms increase the probability of banking crises. We also find that developing economies display direct channels from inequality to banking crises without an association with credit booms. We find no consistent evidence that income inequality contributes to banking crises in advanced economies. In developing countries, the probability of banking crises increases dramatically as income inequality levels increase: The probability of a systemic banking crisis within three years is 9.5% when the Gini is as low as 0.2 in developing countries and increases to 57.4% when the Gini is 0.4. These results are robust to several specifications.
Keywords: Income inequality; Banking crisis; Household debt (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D63 G01 H12 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:ecosys:v:42:y:2018:i:2:p:206-218
Access Statistics for this article
Economic Systems is currently edited by R. Frensch
More articles in Economic Systems from Elsevier Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Dana Niculescu ().