Negative side effects of affirmative action: How quotas lead to distortions in performance evaluation
Lea M. Petters and
European Economic Review, 2020, vol. 130, issue C
We study the impact of affirmative action on peer-review behavior. We conduct a real-effort tournament experiment, in which prizes are awarded according to peer-review evaluation. Between treatments, we vary whether or not a quota is implemented and whether or not affirmed individuals face ex-ante procedural disadvantages. We find that quotas lead to distorted peer-reviews, where affirmed individuals receive significantly less favorable reviews than non-affirmed peers with similar performance. Distortions in peer-reviews are robust to changes in ex-ante procedural fairness and seem to be driven by enhanced competition among affirmed individuals.
Keywords: Affirmative action; Quota; Peer-review; Creative work; Real effort; Procedural fairness (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C92 J33 J71 M51 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:eecrev:v:130:y:2020:i:c:s0014292120301318
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