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Fixed export cost heterogeneity, trade and welfare

Jan Jørgensen and Philipp Schröder

European Economic Review, 2008, vol. 52, issue 7, 1256-1274

Abstract: Recent literature on the workhorse model of intra-industry trade has explored heterogeneous cost structures at the firm level. These approaches have proven to add realism and predictive power. This paper presents a new and simple heterogeneous-firms specification. We develop a symmetric two-country intra-industry trade model where firms are of two different marginal cost types and where fixed export costs are heterogeneous across firms. This model traces many of the stylized facts of international trade. However, we find that with heterogeneous fixed export costs there exists a positive bilateral tariff that maximizes national and world welfare.

Keywords: Intra-industry; trade; Trade; liberalization; Monopolistic; competition; Heterogeneous; firms; Welfare; Protectionism (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2008
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:eecrev:v:52:y:2008:i:7:p:1256-1274

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