Child height, health and human capital: Evidence using genetic markers
Stephanie von Hinke (),
George Davey Smith,
Debbie A. Lawlor,
Carol Propper and
Frank Windmeijer ()
European Economic Review, 2013, vol. 57, issue C, 1-22
Height has long been recognized as being associated with better outcomes: the question is whether this association is causal. We use children's genetic variants as instrumental variables to deal with possible unobserved confounders and examine the effect of child/adolescent height on a wide range of outcomes: academic performance, IQ, self-esteem, depression symptoms and behavioral problems. OLS findings show that taller children have higher IQ, perform better in school, and are less likely to have behavioral problems. The IV results differ: taller girls (but not boys) have better cognitive performance and, in contrast to the OLS, greater height appears to increase behavioral problems.
Keywords: Child height; Human capital; Instrumental variables; Mendelian randomization; Genetic variants (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I1 I2 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Working Paper: Child height, health and human capital: evidence using genetic markers (2013)
Working Paper: Child height, health and human capital: evidence using genetic markers (2010)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:eecrev:v:57:y:2013:i:c:p:1-22
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