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Going to extremes: Politics after financial crises, 1870–2014

Manuel Funke, Moritz Schularick and Christoph Trebesch ()

European Economic Review, 2016, vol. 88, issue C, 227-260

Abstract: Partisan conflict and policy uncertainty are frequently invoked as factors contributing to slow post-crisis recoveries. Recent events in Europe provide ample evidence that the political aftershocks of financial crises can be severe. In this paper we study the political fall-out from systemic financial crises over the past 140years. We construct a new long-run dataset covering 20 advanced economies and more than 800 general elections. Our key finding is that policy uncertainty rises strongly after financial crises as government majorities shrink and polarization rises. After a crisis, voters seem to be particularly attracted to the political rhetoric of the extreme right, which often attributes blame to minorities or foreigners. On average, far-right parties increase their vote share by 30% after a financial crisis. Importantly, we do not observe similar political dynamics in normal recessions or after severe macroeconomic shocks that are not financial in nature.

Keywords: Financial crises; Economic voting; Polarization; Policy uncertainty (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D72 G01 E44 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2016
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Related works:
Working Paper: Going to Extremes: Politics after Financial Crises, 1870-2014 (2015) Downloads
Working Paper: Going to Extremes: Politics after Financial Crises, 1870-2014 (2015) Downloads
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