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Distributional consequences of asset price inflation in the Euro Area

Klaus Adam () and Panagiota Tzamourani ()

European Economic Review, 2016, vol. 89, issue C, 172-192

Abstract: We study the distributional consequences of housing price, bond price and equity price increases for Euro Area households using data from the Household Finance and Consumption Survey (HFCS). The capital gains from bond price and equity price increases turn out to be concentrated among relatively few households, while the median household strongly benefits from housing price increases. The capital gains from bond price increases (relative to household net wealth) do not correlate with household net wealth (or income). Bond price increases thus leave net wealth inequality largely unchanged. In contrast, equity price increases largely benefit the top end of the net wealth (and income) distribution, thus amplify net wealth inequality. Housing price increases display a hump shaped pattern over the net wealth distribution, with the poorest and richest households benefitting least, but there exists considerable heterogeneity across Euro Area countries. The ECB's OMT announcements over the summer of 2012 had quantitatively similar distributional implications as an unexpected loosening of the policy rate by about 175 basis points.

Keywords: Asset price inflation; Wealth redistribution (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D31 E21 E52 E58 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2016
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Related works:
Working Paper: Distributional Consequences of Asset Price Inflation in the Euro Area (2015) Downloads
Working Paper: Distributional consequences of asset price inflation in the Euro area (2015) Downloads
Working Paper: Distributional consequences of asset price inflation in the euro area (2015) Downloads
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:eecrev:v:89:y:2016:i:c:p:172-192

DOI: 10.1016/j.euroecorev.2016.07.005

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