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The long-run effects of adolescent athletic participation on women’s health

Kevin Callison and Aaron Lowen ()

Economics & Human Biology, 2022, vol. 44, issue C

Abstract: Increased athletic opportunities have been shown to improve educational and labor force outcomes, however few studies have linked athletic participation to health later in life. We use the implementation of Title IX, legislation banning gender discrimination in educational programs in the U.S., to estimate the effect of increased access to high school athletic opportunities on women’s later life health. Our results indicate that increased participation leads to fewer days in poor mental health, reduced BMI and rates of obesity, lower smoking rates, and some evidence of a reduced likelihood of a diabetes diagnosis. However, we find no impact of high school athletic participation on the number of days in poor physical health and current exercise, and a positive relationship between participation and alcohol consumption.

Keywords: Athletic participation; Women’s health; Title IX (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I12 I21 I28 J16 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2022
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DOI: 10.1016/j.ehb.2021.101087

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