Economics at your fingertips  

Supply chain coordination with information sharing: The informational advantage of GPOs

Maosen Zhou, Bin Dan, Songxuan Ma and Xumei Zhang

European Journal of Operational Research, 2017, vol. 256, issue 3, 785-802

Abstract: This paper explores the potential of group purchasing organizations (GPOs) in facilitating information sharing and coordinating horizontal competition. We consider a supply chain composed of one GPO and two manufacturers competing in quantity. The GPO sources and prices a common component for the manufacturers. Each manufacturer has some private information about the uncertain demand, and can choose a part to share with the GPO. Through benchmark analysis, we identify the manufacturers’ horizontal competition and information incompletion as two determinants of supply chain inefficiency under individual purchasing. Then, we investigate the impacts of the GPO on the supply chain with wholesale price contracts and show that double marginalization induced by the GPO is another determinant of inefficiency. For this, both manufacturers have no incentive to share information and group purchasing damages the supply chain. We also show that under group purchasing, information sharing partially from the lower-precision manufacturer rather than both can benefit the supply chain. Next, we present a forecast-sharing-based compensation contracting scheme, under which, the GPO can make perfect supply chain coordination in both quantities and information sharing, and all members in the supply chain can reach win–win results. Finally, we illustrate the GPO's informational advantage by numerical examples.

Keywords: Supply chain management; Purchasing; Information sharing; Coordination; Quantity competition (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations View citations in EconPapers (1) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link:

Access Statistics for this article

European Journal of Operational Research is currently edited by Roman Slowinski, Jesus Artalejo, Jean-Charles. Billaut, Robert Dyson and Lorenzo Peccati

More articles in European Journal of Operational Research from Elsevier
Series data maintained by Dana Niculescu ().

Page updated 2017-09-29
Handle: RePEc:eee:ejores:v:256:y:2017:i:3:p:785-802