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A cross-country evaluation of environmental performance: Is there a convergence-divergence pattern in technology gaps?

Kostantinos Kounetas () and Panagiotis Zervopoulos ()

European Journal of Operational Research, 2019, vol. 273, issue 3, 1136-1148

Abstract: A balanced panel of 103 countries for the period 1995–2011 is introduced into a metafrontier framework to gain insight into the idiosyncratic performance of countries in two distinct groups — developed (Annex I) countries and developing (non-Annex I) countries. We measure efficiency using a generalized directional distance function model suitable for dealing with anthropogenic emissions. The measurement of efficiency and technology gaps takes into account the group-specific heterogeneity. Moreover, we examine the convergence-divergence hypothesis for the technology gaps defined for each period. Our findings reveal significant patterns between the groups and among countries.

Keywords: Environment and climate change; Efficiency; Metafrontier; Technology gaps (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
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Handle: RePEc:eee:ejores:v:273:y:2019:i:3:p:1136-1148