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Effectiveness of local air pollution and GHG taxes: The case of Chilean industrial sources

Cristian Mardones () and Martin Cabello

Energy Economics, 2019, vol. 83, issue C, 491-500

Abstract: In 2017, environmental taxes began to be applied to CO2, PM, NOx and SO2 emissions in Chile to reduce the negative environmental effects of fossil fuels burned in industrial and thermoelectric sources with a thermal power greater than or equal to 50 MW. In this context, the present study generates an economic optimization model to simulate how different tax scenarios would modify the behavior of regulated industrial sources considering the alternatives they have to minimize their costs (tax payment, fuel change and/or installation of abatement technologies). The main results show that, under the current tax scenario, CO2, PM and SO2 emissions would decrease by 11%, 48% and 49% respectively, while NOX emissions would increase by 5%. By extending the tax to all industrial sources regardless of their thermal power, CO2, PM and SO2 emissions would decrease respectively by 14%, 98% and 66%, while NOX emissions would increase by 7.1%. Finally, it is determined that modifying the tax rate of a single pollutant while maintaining the rest of the constant rates generates a low impact on the other pollutants emissions.

Keywords: Greenhouse gases; Green taxes; Environmental taxes (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
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DOI: 10.1016/j.eneco.2019.08.007

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